The Singapore law related to the work in and around confined spaces is known as the Workplace Safety and Health (Confined Spaces) Regulations 2009. This can be found in Singapore Statutes. Here is a brief overview of the Confined Space Regulations
WORKPLACE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT
WORKPLACE SAFETY AND HEALTH (CONFINED SPACES) REGULATIONS 2009
In exercise of the powers conferred by section 65 of the Workplace Safety and Health Act, the Minister for Manpower hereby makes the following Regulations:
Citation and commencement
1. These Regulations may be cited as the Workplace Safety and Health (Confined Spaces) Regulations 2009 and shall come into operation on 1st November 2009.
2. In these Regulations, unless the context otherwise requires —
“authorised manager” means an authorised manager appointed under regulation 9 and includes any other person appointed to perform the duties of an authorised manager by the responsible person;
“competent person” means a person who has sufficient experience and training to perform the work required to be carried out;
“confined space” means any chamber, tank, manhole, vat, silo, pit, pipe, flue or other enclosed space, in which —
(a)dangerous gases, vapours or fumes are liable to be present to such an extent as to involve a risk of fire or explosion, or persons being overcome thereby;
(b)the supply of air is inadequate, or is likely to be reduced to be inadequate, for sustaining life; or
(c)there is a risk of engulfment by material;
“confined space attendant” means a confined space attendant appointed under regulation 22;
“confined space entry permit” means a permit issued under regulation 13;
“confined space safety assessor” means a confined space safety assessor appointed under regulation 9(b);
“entry” means ingress by a person into a confined space which occurs when the person’s head passes through an opening into the confined space;
“hazardous atmosphere” means an atmosphere where —
(a)the level of oxygen in the atmosphere is not within the range of 19.5% to 23.5% by volume;
(b)the level of flammable gas or vapour in the atmosphere is 10% or more of its lower explosive limit; or
(c)the levels of toxic substances in the atmosphere exceed the permissible exposure levels as specified in the First Schedule to the Workplace Safety and Health (General Provisions) Regulations (Rg 1);
“responsible person”, in relation to a person entering or working in a confined space, means —
(a)his employer; or
(b)the principal under whose direction he enters or works in the confined space.
3. These Regulations shall apply in relation to confined spaces in workplaces.
Made this 25th day of September 2009.
SSG WSQ Perform Work in Confined Space Operation (PWICSO)
This PWICSO course was formerly called Safety Orientation Course for Workers - Manhole SOCManhole or Manhole SOC
The SSG WSQ Perform Work in Confined Space Operation (PWICSO) is one of the core units in all process sectors of Process Industry.
People who should attend PWICSO are
Confined Space Entrant (includes manholes, tanks, vessels, etc)
Confined Space Attendant (includes manholes, tanks, vessels etc)
PWICSO Assumed Skills and Knowledge
PWICSO Learners will be able to listen, read, speak and write English at a proficiency level equivalent to the Employability Skills System (ESS) Level 2.
Course Outline for Perform Work in Confined Space Operations
for the SSG WSQ Perform Work in Confined Space Operation are
PWICSO Identify duties and responsibilities of all personnel involved in confined space work under the WSH Legislations and Code of Practice.
PWICSO Identify confined space hazards
PWICSO Use Gas Detection Instruments for atmospheric monitoring
PWICSO Comply with Permit-to-Work system and safe work procedures when working in confined space
PWICSO Participate in an Emergency for confined space
Course Duration for the Perform Work in Confined Space Operations:
14 Hours (Inclusive of Assessment)
Upon completion of the PWICSO course and passing the examination, a Statement of Attainment (SOA) from Skillsfuture Singapore (SSG) will be awarded.
PWICSO Price of Course:
Price per participant: SGD$150
Additional Information about the Perform Work in Confined Space Operation
Legal Requirement for Perform Work in Confined Space Operation Training
Under the Factories (Safety Training Courses) Order 2001 which came into effect in June 2001, all workers, including Singaporeans, must undergo a Safety Orientation Course (Manholes) before they are allowed to work in Manholes and other Confined Spaces. This is now under the Workplace Safety Health Act and its subsidiary legislations
A Confined Space worker or a Manhole Worker when about to perform work in confined space operations, as appointed by the Principal or Employer of a workplace, will play the role of either an entrant or an attendant.
As such the Confined Space Entrant has the responsibility to:
i) coordinate with the confined space attendant, confined space supervisor and confined space (manhole) safety assessor to ensure safe entry in and egress from the confined space or manhole,
ii) assess the working conditions in the confined space or manhole and evacuate the confined space or manhole when it is unsafe to work,
iii) only carry out prescribed work activities (ie perform the work that is allowed), for allowed durations, as approved on the entry permit.
The Confined Space attendant has the responsibility to :
i) coordinate with the confined space entrant, confined space supervisor and confined space (manhole) safety assessor to ensure entrants safe entry in and egress from the confined space or manhole,
ii) prevent unauthorized entry into the confined space or manhole,
iii) maintain regular visual and/or verbal contact with the confined space entrants
iv) assess the working conditions in the manhole and alert the confined space entrants to evacuate when the confined space or manhole is unsafe to work in,
v) alert the confined space rescue personnel to activate the confined space rescue operation.