So you or your staff want to attend the Apply Workplace Safety Health in Process Plants course or the AWSHPP. This course was previously called the Oil Petrochemical Safety Orientation Course OPSOC or the Safety Orientation Course Oil Petrochemical SOCOP.
Come on over to 3 Soon Lee Street, Pioneer Center to our training center.
For the AWSHPP Apply Workplace Safety Health in Process Plant Competency Unit Introduction
This Competency Unit:
Apply Workplace Safety & Health in Process Plant is one of the core units in all process sectors of Process Industry. It specifies the skills and knowledge required by people to Apply Workplace Safety & Health in Process Plant.
The competency elements covered in this competency units are:
CE 1: Identify the roles and responsibilities of an employee under WSH Act
CE 2: Identify and prevent fire and explosion hazards at workplace
CE 3: Comply safe work practices and control measures for material handling
CE 4: Comply safety work practices and control measures for mechanical and electrical works
CE 5: Comply safe work practices and control measures when working on Specialized Operations
CE 6: Comply safe work practices and control measures when working at heights
CE 7: Comply safe work practices and control measures when working in a confined space
AWSHPP Competency Unit Purpose
The purpose of this competency unit is to enable learners to Perform Workplace Safety & Health in Process Plant (ie Apply Workplace Safety Health in Process Plants) based on a set of competency elements, which includes:
Identify the roles and responsibilities of an employee under WSH Act
Identify and prevent fire and explosion hazards at workplace
Comply safe work practices and control measures for material handling
Comply safety work practices and control measures for mechanical and electrical works
Comply safe work practices and control measures when working on Specialized Operations
Comply safe work practices and control measures when working at heights
Comply safe work practices and control measures when working in a confined space
AWSHPP Apply Workplace Safety Health in Process Plants- Learning Outcomes
On completion of this unit, learners will have the knowledge and application skills to carry out hazard identification and risk assessment, comply with the safety and health management system, co-ordinate a permit-to-work system, and carry out safety inspections and investigations.
Learners will receive the AWSHPP Learner Guide (Apply Workplace Safety Health in Process Plants)
Performance Criteria For AWSHPP Apply Workplace Safety Health in Process Plant
Identify the roles and responsibilities under the Workplace Safety and Health Act
Comply with the requirements of WSH Act
Participate in a tool box meeting
Select and use the appropriate personal protective equipment provided for the work in compliance with WSH Act (especially process plants)
Maintain and store personal protective equipment provided in accordance with organizational procedures
Interpret and follow safety signs and instructions at workplace (process plants)
Follow road safety signs in process plant
Identify safety devices and emergency equipment
Carry out housekeeping of workplace in accordance with organizational procedures
Identify and prevent fire and explosion hazards at the workplace
Identify fire hazards associated with the workplace and report to appropriate person in accordance with organisational procedures.
Interpret the types of fire safety signs and instructions
Check safety signs and instructions at workplace for inadequacy and report to appropriate person in accordance with organisational procedures.
Work in accordance with an issued permit-to-work
Follow safe work procedures for hot work
Follow organisational procedures to respond to a fire emergency
Report unsafe working conditions and potential fire hazards to appropriate person in accordance with organisational procedures
Select and use the correct solvents for chemical cleaning
2.9 Store and control chemicals safely
Comply with safe work practices and control measures for material handling
Use the correct method for manually handling of loads
Carry out proper use of machine equipment
Follow rules and procedures when operating mechanical lifting equipment
Comply with the safe rigging and slinging method of lifting
Coordinate the use of lifting machines /equipment
Select and use the correct PPE for manual handling
Comply with safe work practices and control measures for mechanical and electrical works
Identify and recognize common mechanical and electrical hazards
Follow hazards control prevention measures
Select and use the correct PPE for electrical work
Comply with procedures when using and maintaining the machinery
Proper use and storage of hand tools
Selection and proper use of hearing protection
Comply with safe work practices and control measures when working on specialized operations
Recognize hazards associated with specialized operations
Follow preventive measures when working with radiation, steam, gases and chemicals
Use and read gas detectors
Work and comply with the Permit –to-Work System
Use Lock Out Tag Out (LOTO)
Apply safe work procedures when handling chemicals and related biological materials
Minimizing the effects of prolong exposure to working under the sun
Follow safety measures for transporting workers on lorries
Follow the safety use of asbestos
Comply with safe work practices and control measures when working at Heights
Select the correct fall protection equipment for the work
Safe use of fall protection equipment
Correct way of using and maintenance the ladder at workplace
Correct way of anchorage at height
Follow procedures for rescue at height
Proper disposal of debris and housekeeping while working at height
Correct use of ladder
Caring and maintaining fall protection equipment
Comply with safe work practices and control measures when working in a confined space
Recognize what constitutes a confined space
Identify hazards when working in a confined space
Follow measures to prevent and control hazards when working in confined space
Check and read gas meter
Perform rescue for confined space
Select and use the correct PPE for confined space
Follow emergency procedures for evacuation
CE 1: Identify the roles and responsibilities of an employee under WSH Act
This section focuses on knowing your responsibilities as a general worker under WSH Act and discharging it responsibly which include the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) provided for the work.
It also covers how to interpret different types of safety signs and instructions, and how to follow workplace housekeeping procedures.
Equally important is to know the underlying reasons of using PPE, following safety signs and instructions, and keeping the workplace clean and safe at all times.
Comply with the requirement of WSH Act
The WSH Act requires every person at the workplace to take reasonably practicable steps to ensure the safety and health of every workplace and worker.
If you are a person who erect, install or modify machinery or equipment and persons in control of machinery for use at work
You must ensure as far as reasonably practicable the machinery of equipment erected, installed or modified is safe and without health risks when properly used
Duties of persons at work
to use in such manner so as to provide the protection intended, any suitable appliance, protective clothing, convenience, equipment or other means or thing provided; and to co-operate with his employer or principal and any other person
No person at work shall willfully or recklessly interfere with or misuse any appliance, protective clothing, convenience, equipment or other means or thing provided
Any person at work who, without reasonable cause, willfully or recklessly does any act which endangers the safety or health of himself or others shall be guilty of an offence.
You must adhere to safe working procedures and principles introduced at the workplace.
You should not endanger yourself or others working around you through unsafe behavior.
You should not tamper with any safety device or undertake any willful or reckless acts.
You should also always correctly use any personal protective equipment provided at work.
Penalties for non-compliance
Liabilities and Penalties
Any person who fails in his duties (as stated in the Act) can be fined up to $1,000 and, in the case of a second or subsequent conviction, up to $2,000.
General maximum penalties for offences for which no penalty is prescribed under the Act
Workplace Safety and Health Committee - General roles and activities
To discuss matters relating to the safety and health of the persons at work at the workplace.
To discuss on how to improve safety and health issues at the workplace.
To assist in the inspect and examine any machinery, equipment, plant, installation, etc for any unsafe act and unsafe condition in the workplace.
Participate in a tool box meeting
Tool box meeting
Every morning, all workers need to attend daily tool box meeting.
WSH personnel will talk on Safe Work Procedure/Permit to Work especially on hot work, confined space, lifting operations, working at height, etc.
Some organization will have a smaller group briefing after Tool Box Meeting at the section where works will be carry out. Details on the task to be perform, how many workers inside the confined space, working at height preparation, etc.
Select and use the appropriate personal protective equipment provided for the work in compliance with WSH Act
Personal protective equipment known as PPE act as a final barrier between users and the hazard.
Wearing of PPE does not control hazard at source but relies on behavior modification for successful control
To achieve the successful control of the hazard through use of PPE it depends on the following:
Correct PPE is chosen for the job or task
PPE is worn correctly and at all times when required
PPE is used correctly and should not be modified for other purpose
PPE is maintained in good condition at all times
The most common types of PPE are illustrated in the following table:
Types of PPE
Uses of PPE
Wear approved overalls to provide maximum protection to your body against splashes of liquids, dust and heats.
For example, when handling, mixing or transferring of chemicals, when performing welding, blasting, hot work, oxy-acetylene cutting, etc.
Make sure the overalls are worn correctly and should be not be worn loosing.
Wear hard plastic or metal materials helmet to protect you from falling or flying objects.
If you are involved in performing outdoor tasks such as working in confined space, construction site, erecting of platforms, maintenance oil and gas pipes, etc be sure to wear approved helmet provided.
Do not wear unapproved helmet
Do not wear the helmet backward
Do not paint or modify the helmet
Check helmet condition for wear and tear before use such as crack, dents, missing chin straps, missing inner liner, etc.
Wear approved face shield to provide maximum protection to face and eyes.
Most common use for works such as welding, grinding, cutting, powder coating, etc where sparks, dust or fume have the potential come into contact with your eyes and face
Wear approved goggles to provide maximum protection to eyes.
Most common use for works such as welding, grinding, cutting, powder coating, etc where sparks, dust or fume have the potential come into contact with your eyes
Wear approved safety shoes that provide maximum protection for your feet
Do not wear slippers or sandals when doing cleaning jobs
Slips, trips and falls can often be prevented with safety shoes
Respirators / Masks
Wear approved respirators or masks that provide maximum protection to the inner parts of body.
A respirator is a device designed to protect the wearer from inhaling harmful dusts, fumes, vapors, and/or gases as well as protect themselves from diseases potentially spread through the air.
Ear plug / ear muffs
Wear approved ear protection working in areas with excessive noise (above 85 dBA) and in the vicinity where following process take place:
Beside generators and air compressor sets or equipment and etc.
Wear approved hand protection when employee’s hands exposed to hazards such as:
Those from skin absorption of harmful substances.
Safety Harness/Safety Belt
Wear approved safety harness/safety belt where person is liable to fall more than 2 metres
There must be sufficient and secure anchorage for the safety harness/safety belt
Such anchorage shall not be lower than the level of the working position, points should be ideally above waist height
When that is not possible anchor points below waist height should be used
Use approved gas detector to detect presence of oxygen, toxic / flammable gases in the workplace.
Detection shall be reliable and precise
TLV (threshold limit values for an 8 hour working day) shall be monitored.
Sensor measures oxygen, toxic/flammable gases level and give off audible and visual alarm when atmosphere exceeds concentration alarm setting
When alarm sounded, > Permissible Exposure Limit. leave area immediately
Do not re-enter area without permission
Remember: PPE should only be considered when other control methods such as elimination/substitution, engineering and administrative controls are unworkable or impractical to be implemented.
Maintain and Store of PPE provided in accordance with organizational Procedures
Store inside the room temperature
Discard it when damaged
Fall Protective Equipment must be inspected before and after performed tasks