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AWSHPP some things you will learn

So you or your staff want to attend the Apply Workplace Safety Health in Process Plants course or the AWSHPP. This course was previously called the Oil Petrochemical Safety Orientation Course OPSOC or the Safety Orientation Course Oil Petrochemical SOCOP.

Come on over to 3 Soon Lee Street, Pioneer Center to our training center.


For the AWSHPP Apply Workplace Safety Health in Process Plant Competency Unit Introduction

This Competency Unit:

Apply Workplace Safety & Health in Process Plant is one of the core units in all process sectors of Process Industry. It specifies the skills and knowledge required by people to Apply Workplace Safety & Health in Process Plant.


The competency elements covered in this competency units are:

CE 1: Identify the roles and responsibilities of an employee under WSH Act

CE 2: Identify and prevent fire and explosion hazards at workplace

CE 3: Comply safe work practices and control measures for material handling

CE 4: Comply safety work practices and control measures for mechanical and electrical works

CE 5: Comply safe work practices and control measures when working on Specialized Operations

CE 6: Comply safe work practices and control measures when working at heights

CE 7: Comply safe work practices and control measures when working in a confined space


AWSHPP Competency Unit Purpose


The purpose of this competency unit is to enable learners to Perform Workplace Safety & Health in Process Plant (ie Apply Workplace Safety Health in Process Plants) based on a set of competency elements, which includes:

Identify the roles and responsibilities of an employee under WSH Act

Identify and prevent fire and explosion hazards at workplace

Comply safe work practices and control measures for material handling

Comply safety work practices and control measures for mechanical and electrical works

Comply safe work practices and control measures when working on Specialized Operations

Comply safe work practices and control measures when working at heights

Comply safe work practices and control measures when working in a confined space


AWSHPP Apply Workplace Safety Health in Process Plants- Learning Outcomes

On completion of this unit, learners will have the knowledge and application skills to carry out hazard identification and risk assessment, comply with the safety and health management system, co-ordinate a permit-to-work system, and carry out safety inspections and investigations.


Learners will receive the AWSHPP Learner Guide (Apply Workplace Safety Health in Process Plants)


Performance Criteria For AWSHPP Apply Workplace Safety Health in Process Plant

CE 1

Identify the roles and responsibilities under the Workplace Safety and Health Act

Comply with the requirements of WSH Act

Participate in a tool box meeting

Select and use the appropriate personal protective equipment provided for the work in compliance with WSH Act (especially process plants)

Maintain and store personal protective equipment provided in accordance with organizational procedures

Interpret and follow safety signs and instructions at workplace (process plants)

Follow road safety signs in process plant

Identify safety devices and emergency equipment

Carry out housekeeping of workplace in accordance with organizational procedures



CE 2

Identify and prevent fire and explosion hazards at the workplace

Identify fire hazards associated with the workplace and report to appropriate person in accordance with organisational procedures.

Interpret the types of fire safety signs and instructions

Check safety signs and instructions at workplace for inadequacy and report to appropriate person in accordance with organisational procedures.

Work in accordance with an issued permit-to-work

Follow safe work procedures for hot work

Follow organisational procedures to respond to a fire emergency

Report unsafe working conditions and potential fire hazards to appropriate person in accordance with organisational procedures

Select and use the correct solvents for chemical cleaning


2.9 Store and control chemicals safely

CE 3

Comply with safe work practices and control measures for material handling

Use the correct method for manually handling of loads

Carry out proper use of machine equipment

Follow rules and procedures when operating mechanical lifting equipment

Comply with the safe rigging and slinging method of lifting

Coordinate the use of lifting machines /equipment

Select and use the correct PPE for manual handling


CE 4

Comply with safe work practices and control measures for mechanical and electrical works

Identify and recognize common mechanical and electrical hazards

Follow hazards control prevention measures

Select and use the correct PPE for electrical work

Comply with procedures when using and maintaining the machinery

Proper use and storage of hand tools

Selection and proper use of hearing protection


CE5

Comply with safe work practices and control measures when working on specialized operations

Recognize hazards associated with specialized operations

Follow preventive measures when working with radiation, steam, gases and chemicals

Use and read gas detectors

Work and comply with the Permit –to-Work System

Use Lock Out Tag Out (LOTO)

Apply safe work procedures when handling chemicals and related biological materials

Minimizing the effects of prolong exposure to working under the sun

Follow safety measures for transporting workers on lorries


Follow the safety use of asbestos

CE6

Comply with safe work practices and control measures when working at Heights

Select the correct fall protection equipment for the work

Safe use of fall protection equipment

Correct way of using and maintenance the ladder at workplace

Correct way of anchorage at height

Follow procedures for rescue at height

Proper disposal of debris and housekeeping while working at height

Correct use of ladder

Caring and maintaining fall protection equipment


CE7

Comply with safe work practices and control measures when working in a confined space

Recognize what constitutes a confined space

Identify hazards when working in a confined space

Follow measures to prevent and control hazards when working in confined space

Check and read gas meter

Perform rescue for confined space

Select and use the correct PPE for confined space

Follow emergency procedures for evacuation


CE 1: Identify the roles and responsibilities of an employee under WSH Act

Introduction

This section focuses on knowing your responsibilities as a general worker under WSH Act and discharging it responsibly which include the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) provided for the work.

It also covers how to interpret different types of safety signs and instructions, and how to follow workplace housekeeping procedures.

Equally important is to know the underlying reasons of using PPE, following safety signs and instructions, and keeping the workplace clean and safe at all times.


Comply with the requirement of WSH Act

The WSH Act requires every person at the workplace to take reasonably practicable steps to ensure the safety and health of every workplace and worker.

If you are a person who erect, install or modify machinery or equipment and persons in control of machinery for use at work

You must ensure as far as reasonably practicable the machinery of equipment erected, installed or modified is safe and without health risks when properly used

Duties of persons at work

to use in such manner so as to provide the protection intended, any suitable appliance, protective clothing, convenience, equipment or other means or thing provided; and to co-operate with his employer or principal and any other person

No person at work shall willfully or recklessly interfere with or misuse any appliance, protective clothing, convenience, equipment or other means or thing provided

Any person at work who, without reasonable cause, willfully or recklessly does any act which endangers the safety or health of himself or others shall be guilty of an offence.

You must adhere to safe working procedures and principles introduced at the workplace.

You should not endanger yourself or others working around you through unsafe behavior.

You should not tamper with any safety device or undertake any willful or reckless acts.

You should also always correctly use any personal protective equipment provided at work.


Penalties for non-compliance

Liabilities and Penalties

Any person who fails in his duties (as stated in the Act) can be fined up to $1,000 and, in the case of a second or subsequent conviction, up to $2,000.

General maximum penalties for offences for which no penalty is prescribed under the Act


Workplace Safety and Health Committee - General roles and activities

To discuss matters relating to the safety and health of the persons at work at the workplace.

To discuss on how to improve safety and health issues at the workplace.

To assist in the inspect and examine any machinery, equipment, plant, installation, etc for any unsafe act and unsafe condition in the workplace.


Participate in a tool box meeting

Tool box meeting

Every morning, all workers need to attend daily tool box meeting.

WSH personnel will talk on Safe Work Procedure/Permit to Work especially on hot work, confined space, lifting operations, working at height, etc.

Some organization will have a smaller group briefing after Tool Box Meeting at the section where works will be carry out. Details on the task to be perform, how many workers inside the confined space, working at height preparation, etc.


Select and use the appropriate personal protective equipment provided for the work in compliance with WSH Act

Personal protective equipment known as PPE act as a final barrier between users and the hazard.

Wearing of PPE does not control hazard at source but relies on behavior modification for successful control

To achieve the successful control of the hazard through use of PPE it depends on the following:

Correct PPE is chosen for the job or task

PPE is worn correctly and at all times when required

PPE is used correctly and should not be modified for other purpose

PPE is maintained in good condition at all times


The most common types of PPE are illustrated in the following table:

Types of PPE

Uses of PPE

Overalls


Wear approved overalls to provide maximum protection to your body against splashes of liquids, dust and heats.

For example, when handling, mixing or transferring of chemicals, when performing welding, blasting, hot work, oxy-acetylene cutting, etc.

Make sure the overalls are worn correctly and should be not be worn loosing.

Safety Helmet

Wear hard plastic or metal materials helmet to protect you from falling or flying objects.

If you are involved in performing outdoor tasks such as working in confined space, construction site, erecting of platforms, maintenance oil and gas pipes, etc be sure to wear approved helmet provided.

Do not wear unapproved helmet

Do not wear the helmet backward

Do not paint or modify the helmet

Check helmet condition for wear and tear before use such as crack, dents, missing chin straps, missing inner liner, etc.

Face Shield


Wear approved face shield to provide maximum protection to face and eyes.

Most common use for works such as welding, grinding, cutting, powder coating, etc where sparks, dust or fume have the potential come into contact with your eyes and face

Safety Goggles


Wear approved goggles to provide maximum protection to eyes.

Most common use for works such as welding, grinding, cutting, powder coating, etc where sparks, dust or fume have the potential come into contact with your eyes

Safety Shoes


Wear approved safety shoes that provide maximum protection for your feet

Do not wear slippers or sandals when doing cleaning jobs

Slips, trips and falls can often be prevented with safety shoes


Respirators / Masks

Wear approved respirators or masks that provide maximum protection to the inner parts of body.

A respirator is a device designed to protect the wearer from inhaling harmful dusts, fumes, vapors, and/or gases as well as protect themselves from diseases potentially spread through the air.

Ear plug / ear muffs


Wear approved ear protection working in areas with excessive noise (above 85 dBA) and in the vicinity where following process take place:

Pneumatic chipping

Arc gouging

Grinding

Grit blasting

Beside generators and air compressor sets or equipment and etc.

Safety Gloves


Wear approved hand protection when employee’s hands exposed to hazards such as:

Those from skin absorption of harmful substances.

Cuts

Abrasions

Punctures

Chemical burns

Thermal burns

Temperature extremes

Electrical burns

Safety Harness/Safety Belt


Wear approved safety harness/safety belt where person is liable to fall more than 2 metres

There must be sufficient and secure anchorage for the safety harness/safety belt

Such anchorage shall not be lower than the level of the working position, points should be ideally above waist height

When that is not possible anchor points below waist height should be used

Gas Detector


Use approved gas detector to detect presence of oxygen, toxic / flammable gases in the workplace.

Detection shall be reliable and precise

TLV (threshold limit values for an 8 hour working day) shall be monitored.

Sensor measures oxygen, toxic/flammable gases level and give off audible and visual alarm when atmosphere exceeds concentration alarm setting

When alarm sounded, > Permissible Exposure Limit. leave area immediately

Do not re-enter area without permission


Remember: PPE should only be considered when other control methods such as elimination/substitution, engineering and administrative controls are unworkable or impractical to be implemented.


Maintain and Store of PPE provided in accordance with organizational Procedures

Store inside the room temperature

Discard it when damaged

Fall Protective Equipment must be inspected before and after performed tasks




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