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PWCSO Perform Work Confined Space

PWCSO Perform Work in Confined Space Course, sometimes called PWICSO Perform Work in Confined Space Course, previously called the Safety Orientation Course Manhole for Workers


So why do people attend this PWCSO Perform Work in Confined Space Course?

Basically the PWCSO Perform Work in Confined Space Course PWICSO is a mandatory course for those who want to enter a confined space or work in/around confined space or are involved in confined space operations. The SSG PWCSO WSQ Perform Work in Confined Space Operation (PWICSO) (PWCSO) is one of the core units in all process sectors of Process Industry.

To enter into any confined space, you need to be trained and competent. You must know the hazards and the controls of working safely in a confined space. Even if you are not entering a confined space, but you are working as a confined space attended, you will need to be trained and competent. This Perform Work in Confined Space Course is the mandated course for entry or work in confined spaces


Who needs to attend PWCSO Perform Work in Confined Space Operation Course?

Confined Space Entrant, Confined Space Attendant, anyone involved in confined spaces.

Confined Space Supervisors should go for the Supervise Work in Confined Space Operations and the Confined Space Safety Assessor should go for the Confined Space Safety Assessor course. At the same time rescuers or rescue personnel should also attend the PWCSO Perform Work in Confined Space Operations. Just like the work manager should also attend the PWCSO Perform Work in Confined Space Operations.

What are the basic skills and knowledge required to attend the PWCSO Perform Work in Confined Space Operations?

PWICSO Learners should already be able to listen, read, speak and write English at a proficiency level equivalent to the Employability Skills System (ESS) Level 2.


What will learners learn in the PWCSO Perform Work in Confined Space Operation

-Identify duties and responsibilities of all personnel involved in confined space work under the WSH Legislations and Code of Practice.

-Identify confined space hazards

- Use Gas Detection Instruments for atmospheric monitoring

- Comply with Permit-to-Work system and safe work procedures when working in confined space

- Participate in an Emergency for confined space


What is the Duration for the Perform Work in Confined Space Operation (PWCSO):

The full course is 14 Hours (Inclusive of Assessment)


Are there refresher courses?

Yes competent persons can attend the Perform Work in Confined Space Assessment Only Pathways.

What is involved in the PWCSO Perform Work in Confined Space Assessment:

Theory Questions- there are 5 sets of activities to be conducted as well as a simple

Practical Performance


What happens after the Perform Work in Confined Space Operation (PWCSO) course

After being deemed competent and passing the 5 activities a Statement of Attainment (SOA) from Skillsfuture Singapore (SSG) as well as a Safety Training card will be awarded.


What is the price of the PWCSO Perform Work in Confined Space Operation Course:

Price per participant for the PWCSO: is typically between SGD$100 to SGD$150

Simply Safety charges SGD$150 per student

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Why is the PWCSO Perform Work in Confined Space Course a Legal Requirement training?

PWCSO is a legal requirement because under the Factories (Safety Training Courses) Order 2001 which came into effect in June 2001, all workers, including Singaporeans, must undergo a Safety Orientation Course (Manholes) before they are allowed to work in Manholes and other Confined Spaces. This is now under the Workplace Safety Health Act and its subsidiary legislations. While the name of the course has changed from SOC Manhole to PWCSO Perform Work in Confined Space,


What is a Confined Space Entrant?

A Confined Space Entrant is also known as Confined Space worker or a Manhole Worker when about to perform work in confined space operations, as appointed by the Principal or Employer of a workplace, will play the role of either an entrant or an attendant.


What are the duties of a Confined Space Entrant

Confined Space Entrant has the responsibility to:

- coordinate with the confined space attendant, confined space supervisor and confined space (manhole) safety assessor to ensure safe entry in and egress from the confined space or manhole,

- assess the working conditions in the confined space or manhole and evacuate the confined space or manhole when it is unsafe to work,

- only carry out prescribed work activities (ie perform the work that is allowed), for allowed durations, as approved on the entry permit.


What are the duties of a Confined Space Entrant

The Confined Space attendant has the responsibility to :

- coordinate with the confined space entrant, confined space supervisor and confined space (manhole) safety assessor to ensure entrants safe entry in and egress from the confined space or manhole,

- prevent unauthorized entry into the confined space or manhole,

- maintain regular visual and/or verbal contact with the confined space entrants

- assess the working conditions in the manhole and alert the confined space entrants to evacuate when the confined space or manhole is unsafe to work in,

- alert the confined space rescue personnel to activate the confined space rescue operation.


What are the regulations that highlight Confined Space and Confined Space Safety?

The act and regulations that are specific to confined spacers are Singapore Workplace Safety Health Act and its subsidiary regulations- Workplace Safety Health (Confined Space) Regulations. Of course there is also the Workplace Safety Health (Risk Management) Regulations

Basically there are some definitions in these acts and requirements as well


Who is an authorised manager?

An “authorised manager” means an authorised manager appointed under regulation 9 and includes any other person appointed to perform the duties of an authorised manager by the responsible person;


Who is a competent person?

“competent person” means a person who has sufficient experience and training to perform the work required to be carried out;


What is a confined space?

“confined space” means any chamber, tank, manhole, vat, silo, pit, pipe, flue or other enclosed space, in which —

- dangerous gases, vapours or fumes are liable to be present to such an extent as to involve a risk of fire or explosion, or persons being overcome thereby;

- the supply of air is inadequate, or is likely to be reduced to be inadequate, for sustaining life; or

- there is a risk of engulfment by material;


What is a hazardous atmosphere?

“hazardous atmosphere” means an atmosphere where —

- the level of oxygen in the atmosphere is not within the range of 19.5% to 23.5% by volume;

-the level of flammable gas or vapour in the atmosphere is 10% or more of its lower explosive limit; or

-the levels of toxic substances in the atmosphere exceed the permissible exposure levels as specified in the First Schedule to the Workplace Safety and Health (General Provisions) Regulations (Rg 1);

What is a Confined Space Entry Permit?

The confined space entry permit provides a formal check to ensure that all the elements of a safe system of work are in place before persons can enter and work in confined spaces.

It should include:

Identification and location of the confined space;

Purpose of entry;

Entry date, time and duration;

Potential hazards and their control measures;

PPE;

Other precautions (e.g. barricades, signboards);

Emergency response plan;

Name of confined space attendant;

Atmospheric testing results (of the confined space); and

Names and signatures of supervisor, confined space safety assessor and authorised manager.


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