Queen Elizabeth II of the House of Windsor, monarch of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and royal sovereign of a number of Commonwealth countries like Canada, Australia and New Zealand, has passed away at the age of 96 years old on 9th September 2022.
She passed away at Balmoral Castle in Scotland.
She is survived by her four children, Charles, Prince of Wales, Anne, Princess Royal, Prince Andrew, Duke of York, Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and her grandchildren and great-grandchildren.
Her husband Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, has passed away in April 2021. Prince Charles is now the King of the United Kingdom and will be crowned as such.
Queen Elizabeth had been the longest reigning monarch in the history of England and the UK. Queen Elizabeth had acceded to the throne in 1952, at just 25 years old after her father, George VI, died after suffering from ill health for some years. King George reigned during World War 2, after his brother Edward VIII abdicated the throne and married American divorcee Wallis Simpson. He and his wife, also called Elizabeth, of the Bowes-Lyon family, had two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret. During the war, her family refused to evacuate England, and the Princess Elizabeth trained as a mechanic and a lorry driver in the Auxiliary Territorial Service.
She married a fellow royal, Philip, prince of both Greece and Denmark in 1947.
Her coronation ceremony took place in Westminster Abbey in 1953, which was televised for the first time in UK history.
Informally, she met regularly with the Prime Minister of the UK, the head of government. Her first Prime Minister was Sir Winston Churchill, the wartime leader who lost the postwar election, but returned to power in 1951.
Including Churchill, Elizabeth appointed and counselled fifteen Prime Ministers, from Sir Anthony Eden to Liz Truss.
Although her near-seven decade reign saw massive, sweeping changes in both the national and global landscape, Queen Elizabeth was a constant presence on the world stage.
Queen Elizabeth had visited Singapore three times, the first in 1972, followed by visits in 1989 and 2006. During her first state visit, she had a night stroll along Pagoda Street where then-Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew bought flowers from a stall for Her Majesty.